The Mother of all exact sciences, Math, is actually an inherent part of creating and understanding music.
First of all, merely reading music requires mathematical skills: you’d probably know that music is created, shared and stored in a written format, and these written notes are divided into sections called measures, with each measure having equal amounts of beats. These are the same as mathematical divisions of time. Hence, to read, understand and repeat a rhythm means literally to count it. Moreover, since these mathematical and musical skills overlap, it’s been proved that music can affect the way you study your math and think constructively (for the good, obviously): a research by dr. Frances Rauscher has shown that children provided with instruction on musical instruments scored much higher on a variety of tasks, including arithmetic. So next time someone from your ménage asks you to turn off that music while doing your homework, you’ll have your arguments. And if you happen to choose some popular song for your studying soundtrack, now you’ll know why: apparently music, just like math, is all based on patterns. And we humans have an innate love for structured, understandable patterns rather than dealing with random muddles. For example, the well-known wedding hymn, Pachelbel’s Canon in D, is said to be so popular because of its repetitive structure. This is why listening to the latest RNB hit somehow requires much less effort than to bebop jazz!
As if this were not enough to prove the musicality of math, there is a whole separate genre called math rock, attached to a certain style of progressive and indie rock. Developed in the late 80s and having its roots in bands as famous as King Crimson, math rock is characterized by complex, atypical rhythmic structures (including irregular stopping and starting), counterpoint, odd time signatures, angular melodies, and extended, often dissonant, chords. The “math” comes from the idea of combining different time signatures. Using 4/4 and 3/4, for example, the two different patterns would synchronize every 12 measures, because 3×4=12. Sounds geeky, doesn’t it? Well, the music itself surely doesn’t. Give it a listen yourself!